When it comes to the search for extraterrestrial life or habitable planets, we look for water. But it seems that there is a lot of water out there in space. Robotic explorers have found signs of water in Mars. Recently, on the ice planet Ceres, which also is a dwarf planet, abundant amounts of water has been found by NASA.
The results were announced at the fall meeting of the American Geophysical Union – the world’s largest gathering of Earth and space scientists. There, NASA reveled the finding of their probes.
The Curiosity rover has been scavenging the Martian surface for over four years. Recently, it has come across a patch of land that has veins of calcium sulfate in the form of mineral gypsum. Hiding in those veins is the element Boron. It usually appears in sites that were once flooded but where the water has evaporated away.
Scientists at the Los Alamos National Laboratory say that the Gale Crater in Mars suggests that there was once liquid water on the Red Planet, and that the water was habitable. Curiosity’s discoveries indicates that water was between 32 to 140 degrees Fahrenheit and was not too acidic. Scientists have been looking for life on the red planet for over four decades. The new discovery suggests that there was a dynamic environment that is needed by organisms on planet Earth to survive.
2. Asteroid Belts
Between Mars and Jupiter, the space probe Dawn is surveying the dwarf planet, called Ceres. It is the largest object in the asteroid belt and is covered with deep craters. Scientist have recently got evidence that the deep craters may trap a lot of ice. Moreover, beneath the rocky surface, there may be liquid water too.
3. Other Worlds
Also, Europa and Enceladus, moons of Jupiter and Saturn, respectively, are thought to contain huge amounts of interior waters. These are prime places to interest when it comes to search for life beyond the planet.
Source: The Durango Herald