Mini Ice Age Soon To Set On Earth
A recent weather model, which is capable of predicting all the solar cycles in an extremely accurate manner, has predicted that total solar activity will go down by at least 60% between the years 2030 to 2040. This indicates that within a time span of one and a half decade, or 15 years, the planet could be covered in a new, Mini ice age or a Little ice age, as per scientists and researchers.
Such low levels of solar activity has not been witnessed since the last time the planet was covered in a Mini ice age, which also known as a Maunder Minimum. During this Little ice age, the entire part of Northern Hemisphere was frozen and faced harsh winters between the years 1645 and 1715. As per researchers, the same Maunder Minimum is knocking on the planet’s doors and will be here within 15 years. This Little ice age weather phenomenon will have the capacity to freeze rivers like the Thames.
Details about the research on the solar cycles
Researchers at the Northumbria University, working solar outputs and activities, have come up with this weather model, and as per their claims, supplies perfect and accurate results or predictions. According to the model, the movement of fluids within the sun, which give rise to the 11-year weather cycles, will converge and pave the way for lower than normal temperatures in the year 2030, when the Little ice age occurs.
This Mini ice age prediction is based on a concept called the “11-year heartbeat” of the sun. The activity of the Sun does not change every year on an annual basis. It mainly fluctuates over a time period of 10 to 12 years, which is the weather cycle of the sun. This phenomenon was discovered around 18 decades ago, and since then, no scientist has been able to predict the solar weather cycle in a perfect manner and postulate the theory of the Little ice age.
Who conducted this study and based on what theory
Valentina Zharkova, the mathematics professor at the University of Northumbria who came up with the forecast model, claims that her model is accurate in predicting the appearance of solar cycles, caused by the active dynamo effects taking place in the solar layers. As per Zharkova, the solar cycle can be predicted at an accuracy rate of at least 97%, which is quite impressive.
So what are these dynamo effects that help to predict this weather pattern? These effects are simply a theory of geophysics that is responsible for explaining how the outer core of the Earth moves material such as liquid iron across an extremely weak magnetic field. This creates a moderately strong electric current, which interacts with the moving fluid below the Earth’s surface, thereby creating two separate magnetic fields along the Earth’s rotational axis.
The end results of the mini ice age research
When the same theory was added to Valentina’s solar model, the predictions were formulated based on the same concept of dynamo effects occurring in two different subterranean layers. One of these layers is near the Sun’s surface; the other one is right in the middle of the convection zone. These effects fluctuate between the two hemispheres, i.e., northern and southern.
The research team made use of two different magnetic waves, which were generated in the interior of the sun, for the purpose of gathering proper date on the cycle of the sun and making the predictions, which, according to Professor Zharkova, are 97% correct. According to the model, the convergences of two solar cycles will create weather conditions as the previous Maunder Minimum or Little ice age.
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