Why is Diabetes Mellitus Prevalent in Developing Countries?
People belonging to the middle-class fraternity in India and various other developing countries are vulnerable to the effects of Diabetes Mellitus than people from the already developed nations. This is due to the nutritional values carried by the ancestors of these people. This report has been released by an Indian scientist after a thorough study. The report was published in the Cell Metabolism journal, which states that if any animals stick to a normal diet, they can still be affected by obesity simply because their ancestors were undernourished for at least three to four generations. In fact Diabetes Mellitus can even result in memory loss.
What the study actually suggests in terms of Diabetes Mellitus
The middle-class people from these developing countries are more prone to being affected by cardiovascular diseases, obesity and Type 2 Diabetes than their western counterparts. This is the caused by the kind of diet and nutrition, which their ancestors stuck to, as per the report. The report also suggests that by the year 2030, almost 70% of the total number of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus patients will belong from developing countries like India. The expert scientists from the Pune DYP Medical College and National Centre for Cell Science in India and the University of Sydney in Australia have provided this estimate.
What has led to the increase of Diabetes Mellitus Patients?
If the reports of the World Health Organization are true to the last letter, then almost 80 million Indians will be affected by Diabetes Mellitus in the next 15 years. It has also been noticed that as developing countries go through an increase in levels of prosperity, they also go through an increased level of calorie consumption. Whatever the epigenetic makeup of the population might be, ever changing environmental factors have contributed to changes in the gene pool. This has also affected a change in their dietary regime.
This study shows that the bodies of these individuals are well equipped to deal with undernourishment, which leads to the storage of fat in a certain manner that ultimately leads to obesity and diseases. People who belong to already developed countries can protect themselves against these diseases. The team of Professor Anandwardhan Haridkar extracted the report. They tested this theory for a time span of 12 years on two groups of rats at the University of Sydney.
A description of Diabetes Mellitus gene pool test
The first group of rats had 50 generations of undernourished ancestors, followed by two generations of rats on a normal diet. The second group had a normal diet regime throughout 52 generations. The rats belonging to the first group showed signs of being affected by various metabolic defects like Diabetes Mellitus. The rates of the second group were much safer in this scenario and were protected against Diabetes Mellitus.
This study with lab rats led to the hypothesis that people from underdeveloped or developing countries are prone to Type 2 Diabetes more than the people from developed countries. The study also showed that high levels of folate and low levels of vitamin B12 lead to resistance to insulin that can cure Type 2 Diabetes. This is the major cause of increase Diabetes Mellitus patients. So as per theory, the situation needs to be reversed, i.e., low folate levels, and high Vitamin B12.
So, no matter what your diet consists of, but if you are born in a middle-class family in any developing country, then you have more chances to develop Diabetes Mellitus.